A tooth’s root canal is the chamber inside of its root, which travels underneath your gums and into a socket in your jawbone. The root canal contains nerves and blood vessels that begin at the tooth’s pulp (center chamber) and extend into the jawbone. The point of root canal treatment is to remove these tissues when they become infected in order to stop the infection from spreading beyond the tooth. In addition to saving the tooth, root canal treatment also alleviates the intense discomfort that often accompanies an internal tooth infection.

About Your Root Canals

  • The need for root canal treatment often arises from extensive tooth decay. If you develop a cavity and do not treat it in time, then the infection can spread from the tooth’s main structure, or dentin, into the pulp and through the root canals.
  • Even if you haven’t developed a cavity, you may still require root canal treatment if your tooth is cracked, fractured, or broken, and the pulp becomes exposed due to the damage. The procedure can prevent the tooth’s internal tissues from becoming infected and preserve the remaining tooth structure.